The Geraniaceaefamily consists of angiosperm plants numbering some 800 species divided in 7 to 10 genera. These are grasses, and rarely semi-shrubs and shrubs. The leaves are simple, whole or uncut with stipules. The flowers are in cyme (top) inflorescences.The fruit is a dry capsule, splitting in five lobes supplied with mechanisms for dispersal, hygroscopic hairs.The name of the family comes from the Geranium genus (Geranium). It originates from the Greek word ‘geranos’, which means ‘a crane’ and is related with the form of the fruit reminiscent of the beak of a crane.
Most species grow in the temperate and subtropical regions although some are tropical.