The Nepenthaceaefamilyconsists of insectivore shrubs and lianas.They are spread in the tropical woods of Madagascar, Shree Lanka, Northeast India, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, North Australia, New Caledonia. The greatest diversity is on Borneo and Sumatrawhere a large number of endemic plants are found.
The leaves – part of them are modified in a trap with a peristome and an operculium – a lid(the nectar to catch insects and the digestive glands are part of the trap).The flowers are small unisexual in cluster-like racemes. The pollination is antomophilic (insect-pollinated). The fruitis a capsule, the seeds are fibrous and small.