The Myrtaceaefamily consists of trees and shrubs that arewidelyspread in the tropical, subtropical and temperate climate regions in Australia and South America. It includes some 150 genera and3,300 species, most of them evergreen. The leaves are most often simple, leathery, alternate, without stipules.The flowers are actynomorphic (regular),often with a 4-5-lobbed calyx and a corolla.The stamens are numerous. The fruit is usually a berry or a capsule, nut.The seeds contain essential oils.
Some of the members are well suited for growing at home, yet require quite large containers.Some of the family plants have economic significance.