The Lauraceaeor Bay family consists of perennial evergreen plants – trees and shrubs. The familyconsists of more than 2,000 species gathered in 54 genera. They are mainly distributed in the tropical regions of the world with many species in Southeast Asia and South America.
Theirleaves are alternate or opposing without stipules.The flowers are usually bisexual, actinomorphic (regular).
Their significance in the economy is primarily in three areas – many species contain essential oils and are used in perfumery and as spices, the fruits of the avocados (Persea Americana Mill.) are used as food,andsome species have high quality hard timber. They are also used as ornamental plants.